The Faculty of Medicine of Izmir University of Economics aims to contribute to medical education through a series of new and innovative concepts and practices that we define under the heading of "new generation medical education". This understanding of education which has emerged from the philosophy, its practices and experiences of contemporary medical education which has been successfully carried out in many medical faculties of our country; is a new phase in the training of "physician of the future" with its health perspective, medical education approach, curriculum-based themes and innovative practices.
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as not just a disease but a condition of good physical, mental and social well-being . This definition has led to significant changes in the perception of health, the formation of health policies and health practices. Life span has been prolonged, child mortality has decreased, and poverty has been reduced despite the growing population. These achievements are a result of major advances in public health, health care, education, human rights, agriculture, infrastructure and technology. Our planet has supported this development with its ecological and biophysical systems; enabling people to access resources with vital resources such as clean air, food, potable water and energy. However, it is clear that these sources are not limitless. As a result of human activities, there is increasing evidence that environmental changes involving the entire planet have emerged, and that our planet has gradually lost its power to support human health.
It is clear that natural systems cannot protect human health without ensuring sustainability. Human health is now linked to the successful coexistence of the natural world and social life. This new approach, called planetary health, points out not only the requirement of health care providers but also different sectors to take responsibility in the protection and development of health [2-4]. Planetary health is part of the “Human, Society & Planet” course in IUE-FoM training program. We believe that this program, which deals with the effects of environmental changes on human health, its results, solutions and obstacles, will contribute to the training of physicians who approach health in a holistic manner.
Approaches that center the patient and prioritize patient safety in the provision of health care construct the basis of "good medical practice" . For this reason, patient safety is an important component in the IUE-FoM training program and its applications. In this context, from the very beginning of the medical education, the trainings were designed to enable our students to perform risk management. For example, potential risks and safeguard measures are constantly addressed throughout laboratory practices. In the following years, the WHO-recommended patient safety curriculum has been integrated into the program . This program contains accurate and timely reporting of laboratory results, infection control and antibiotic use programs, blood and blood product transfusion programs, prevention of catheter-related infections, surveillance, prevention of wrong side processes (removal of left kidney instead of right, etc.), preventive applications of patients to fall and related training as well as the other managerial processes.
The effects of environmental factors on human health and the lifestyle preferences that are added to them lead to a number of health problems, including obesity, diabetes, and some neurological and mental problems. A significant portion of these problems, which create a serious economic burden on the health care system, can be avoided. For this reason, IUE-FoM prioritized educating physicians who are knowledgeable about healthy living preferences, able to reflect them on their own behaviours, and to be able to lead this issue. Topics such as healthy nutrition, exercise and stress management have been integrated into the medical education program. Our students are expected to pass on the information they have learned to families and to gain experience from the first hand in the fieldwork.
Personalized or, in other words, precision medicine represents a new insight into the genetic differences of individuals in the treatment of diseases. IUE-FoM treats the concept of personalized medicine as an approach not only for treatment choice but also for all areas affected by genetic differences such as nutrition, exercise, etc. This concept has been integrated into the IUE-FoM program to include genetic diversity and its effects.
IUEFoM (Izmir University of Economics Faculty of Medicine) aims to raise good physicians who can respond to the changing health problems and expectations of our country and the world. The 12 basic principles used for structuring the medical education in line with this objective and how they will be addressed in this context are defined below.